Today in 'west' people are looking to copy "Mao's virtue of egalitarianism". There is no honour in false egalitarianism!! The Gini coefficient, a measure of inequality in which zero corresponds to everyone having the same income and one means the richest person has all the income. China benefited from "the virtue of egalitarianism" under Mao for almost four decades and traditionally believed in it. The Gini coefficient in China was nearly 0, everyone having the same income, there was no 1 percent.
Nearly all the income was concentrated in the hand of few or the State. Between 1958 and 1962, a war raged between the peasants and the state; it was a period when a third of all homes in China were destroyed to produce fertiliser and when the nation descended into food shortage and malnourishment, to make it more equal in 1958 Mao Zedong announced the Great Leap Forward, an attempt to increase agricultural and industrial production. It ranks beside the gulags and the Holocaust as one of the three worst offences of the 20th century. Akin to Pol Pot's genocide multiplied several time.
The Story of China's Most Devastating Catastrophe is revealed in 'Mao's Great Famine. A" forgotten era" in the authorized reminiscences of the People's Republic of China. ''State retribution for tiny thefts, such as stealing a potato, even by a child, would include being tied up and thrown into a pond; parents were forced to bury their children alive or were doused in excrement and urine, others were set alight, or had a nose or ear cut off. One record shows how a man was branded with hot metal. People were forced to work naked in the middle of winter; 80 per cent of all the villagers in one region of a quarter of a million Chinese were banned from the official canteen because they were too old or ill to be effective workers, so were deliberately starved to death.''
Deng Xio Peng known as the capitalist roader by the Gang of Five led the change. In Maoist thought, he was an icon and a capitalist roader who demonstrated a marked tendency to bow to pressure of Bourgeois forces.Chinese changed the system they broke this yoke of egalitarianism imposed from the top, today Chinese GINI coefficient stands at .46 nearly equal to the capitalist countries, there is something about incentive , intellect and hard work that false egalitarianism of Mao could not eradicate. If people 'want' equality the only way is through the tools of education and vocational training, and reaching out to the forgotten inner cores of the cities where real trouble is brewing.
This is the 'Gang' of the ultimate capitalists who opened China to 'slow and steady death and one day ultimate demise of communist system.'