My article in an answer to Washington Post :
"wonder why the country is spending $74 million on interplanetary travel while millions of its people remain poor and malnourished."
"Wuhi Jahan hai tira jis ko tu kare paida Yeh sang-o-khisht naheen jo tiree nigah men hai"
"Your world is (only) the one which you create yourself, Not these stones and bricks, which are in sight"
As a rocket carrying the Mars orbiter lifted off from the island of Sriharikota, India, on Tuesday, the Washington Post said: "wonder why the country is spending $74 million on interplanetary travel while millions of its people remain poor and malnourished." Creativity brings immense benefits to the nation that searches the heavens, we will find the solution of our scarcities in science and not anything else, science is our best hope against our looming disasters of extreme poverty, so for me, this is a great achievement.
In the run-up to the launch, many other critics too had also questioned the necessity of the mission with some saying the money could have been used to lift millions out of poverty, many fail to understand that India's mars undertaking is a "low-cost" one. In today's age, it is the crucial need of the triumphant launch that shall define a nations future space dreams and capabilities. This Sriharikota is also the main base for the Indian human spaceflight program. A new third launch pad will built specifically to meet the target of launching a manned space mission by 2017. Any human spaceflight program needs successful launches like these. We need like ― Edgar D. Mitchell an Indian space astronaut to say this words from the space, hopefully wars will become extinct in our region one day:
“You develop an instant global consciousness, a people orientation, an intense dissatisfaction with the state of the world, and a compulsion to do something about it. From out there on the moon, international politics look so petty. You want to grab a politician by the scruff of the neck and drag him a quarter of a million miles out and say, ‘Look at that, you son of a bitch.”
A nation whose science remains hypothetical cannot jump start to the next level of progress and advancement. Science will help us one day overcome our energy scarcities leading us into the age of plenty, a nation whose science shall be poor shall remain poor. Human space exploration helps to address fundamental questions about our position in the Universe and the history of our solar system. Humanity's curiosity in the heavens has been collective and lasting.
Washington post should have taken the trouble to read WSJ. The cost is less than one-tenth of what the U.S. has spent on their Mars mission Maven, the cost-effectiveness of the mission is indeed turning out to be the highlight of the project, almost eclipsing the other aspects. "India's Mars mission, with a budget of $73 million, is far cheaper than comparable missions including NASA's $671 million Maven satellite that is expected to set off for Mars later in November," reports The Wall Street Journal, which is among numerous publications noting the disproportion between the price of U.S. space missions and India's mushrooming program.
In an opinion piece titled Why Mars? Nasa scientist Amitabha Ghosh says "Isro should explore new frontiers, not replicate what's been done by others, if successful, Mangalyaan will replicate what Nasa accomplished in the 1960s and 1970s. While this is admirable, given that very few nations have successfully orbited Mars, it would hardly be a novel accomplishment in the world of technology.'
Every child crawls and then walk before ruining. Every nation has to go through their learning curve. My answer to Mr Gosh would be that one cannot discover new frontiers if one cannot master launches and escape velocity fully and several times. The nations main goal is just getting to Mars, and so the probe is carrying "relatively simple" and therefore not-so-very expensive instrumentation. It's the first try at a very complex mission, one that is orders of scale more difficult than India's Chandrayaan-1 probe to the moon five years ago. Mars missions have a history of failure. Fewer than half of them launched by the U.S., Russia and the European Space Agency have been successful. This is a huge leap forward in the dark but those who will not try and may fail shall not accomplish something.
Dr Jean Dreze, economist says 'This is a prime case of trying to climb the ladder from the top.' A former head of ISRO, Dr G Madhavan Nair, has criticised the project as a waste of resources, saying the proposal was half-baked, too expensive and poorly conceived "my contention is that it has to be done properly with a complete set of instruments and with proper orbit. "The elliptical orbit, which he said would bring the craft within 360km of Mars at its closest point and 80,000km at its furthest, was "the wrong kind of orbit to enable any clear observation of a planet. It is not value for money, that's what I feel, with regard to priorities, we know there is a severe shortage of communication transponders in the country. We need to prioritise that."
Yes, Isro is not creating something new-fangled, it is not an economic project though there will be immense spin-off benefits from such a huge scientific leap forward, and of course its orbit has been designed for safest entry, yet it is all about new opening for the whole cadre of a scientific community which otherwise would not have been gainfully involved in setting a specific space target, we are all closet Martians, therefore, Mars is the frontiers that attract us the most . Yes, it has already been done, but to chart its own unique trajectory of front line discoveries, one needs to start escaping earth more often, it is not easy to escape earth. To leave an imprint on space science and technology you need to establish a huge cadre of highly skilled force, you don't get it overnight, you got to build it. Everyone in the global scientific community has noted that India's Mars mission a new milestone of achieving success with frugality.
Putting Mangalyaan "Mars craft" in Hindi " laden with Isro's and pride and hopes of the entire nation of a successful maiden Mars mission" is a massive scientific achievement. When it rocketed into space from Sriharikota spaceport, beginning a 300-day journey to study the Martian atmosphere it signalled a new era for India. The golden-coloured probe, about the size of a small car, hurriedly assembled and carried by a rocket much smaller than American or Russian equivalent represent the pride of the nation's best.
The human query and inquisitiveness derives this mission, this is what it is all about, we humans are determined to explore the mysterious, and discover new worlds, push the boundaries of our technical and technological limits, and then push more. Curiosity and examination are vital to the human character and accommodating the dare of leaving deeper into space will tempt the citizens of the world today and the generations of tomorrow to join on this exciting discovery journey. These rock bottom basement price space programme, it has hired thousand of engineers, they are addressing the challenges related to human space exploration, they are expanding technology, they are creating new industries, and help to foster a peaceful connection with outer space and global comity of nations. When we think space we think as humanity. From few thousand miles, away from our pale blue dot looks boundary-less. This programme will forge love for mankind from a new generation of Indians.
Space exploration creates new markets and new technologies and spin-offs that help prompt new products and new dynamism within the global economy and has changed our lives in many ways. Red light-emitting diodes are growing plants in space and healing humans on Earth. The LED technology used in NASA space shuttle plant growth experiments has contributed to the development of medical devices such as award-winning WARP 10, a hand-held, high-intensity, the WARP 10 is intended for the temporary relief of minor muscle and joint pain, arthritis, stiffness, and muscle spasms, and also promotes muscle relaxation and increases local blood circulation. The next-generation WARP 75 has been used to relieve pain in bone marrow transplant patients, and will be used to combat the symptoms of bone atrophy, multiple sclerosis, diabetic complications, Parkinson’s disease, and in a variety of ocular applications. Infrared Ear Thermometers , Artificial Limbs, Safety grooving, the cutting of grooves in concrete to increase traction and prevent injury, was first developed to reduce aircraft accidents on wet runways. Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company developed a fibrous material, five times stronger than steel, for NASA to use in parachute shrouds to soft-land the Vikings on the Martian surface. The fiber’s chain-like molecular structure gave it incredible strength in proportion to its weight. Recognizing the increased strength and durability of the material, Goodyear expanded the technology and went on to produce a new radial tire with a tread life expected to be 10,000 miles greater than conventional radials.
No country has ever reached Mars on the first try. China's 2011 attempt with Russia to send the Yinghuo-1 probe fizzled when the Russian rocket failed to leave Earth orbit. A 2003 mission by Japan got farther but couldn't get into Mars orbit. a successful Indian mission will have the effect of positioning the emerging Asian giant as a budget player in the latest global space race. The chief of Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) K Radhakrishnan congratulated his scientists for the orbiter's launch but said a "long and difficult voyage has just begun", the mission if successful will be a huge coup over China and Japan" as it will make India the first Asian nation to reach the Red Planet. The question that will the mission survive? The launch itself is a huge success if it will get into orbit of Mars in 300 days is not a major issue now, the first step was to make sure the launch happens, it did. The expectations are it will enter the orbit, but even if it fails, the scientists are going to learn a bit.
The inherent desire to leave the shores to explore and test the boundaries of what we know and where we have been having in fact what has given the eventual benefits to our society. Human space exploration puts us earthlings as unique sentient beings ready to challenge the limitations of our abode. The mission will help address the very fundamental questions about our place in the Universe and the history of our solar system. The total cost of the project is 450 crore rupees (4.5bn rupees; $73m; £45m), less than a sixth of the amount earmarked for a Mars probe set to be launched by Nasa, the entire Isro Mars Mission cost less than the Commonwealth Games 2010 opening ceremony. When French had won India’s 126-aircraft deal in 2012, the selection of Rafale had paved the way for signing a contract with Dassault, its French manufacturers, India had initially budgeted Rs 42,000 crore for the deal to purchase 126 medium multi-role combat aircraft (MMRCA), the deal actually cost Rs 76,000 crore upward, making it the largest international defence deal by value in recent years. the whole Martian expenditure is less than a single Rafael cost.
India can do it cheaper than the U.S., it basically boils down to abundance of manpower and their ability to make specialist parts far cheaper. Translation of design into practicality requires actual space programme that launch such ambitious mission not fixated with theoretical calculations. Technology bank that has been created will bring humongous benefits in all fields. I think making of the capability and the capacity is a huge thing that short sighted people cannot comprehend, this is the biggest factor i.e. to develop and train a huge cadre of highly skilled labor to deal with the complexity of the mission that takes a whole team of very high archiving scientists and engineers, nations today are defined by scientists / capita. The highly capable engineers cost much less in India than they do in the U.S. engineers, in India make between one-tenth and one-fifth of what their U.S. counterparts do, in absolute terms. The mean annual income for an aeronautical engineer in the United States is just under $105,000, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. the higher end of the scale for engineers in India is less than $20,000.Similarly, there's also a vast gulf between the pay for electronics engineers. The average electronics engineer in the United States makes a little more than $120,000, according to Salary.com, as opposed to India, where Glassdoor.com says one might pull in less than $12,000 a year at a company such as Samsung India.these programmes create the labour pool and infrastructure that is essential sky required by any nation.
Everyone can derive escape velocity as it uses basic calculus, these derivations are based on Newton's laws of motion and Newton's law of universal gravitation. The Earth's escape speed can be derived from "g", the barycentric acceleration due to gravity at the Earth's surface. It is not necessary to know the gravitational constant G or the mass M of the Earth. Let r = the Earth's radius, and g = the barycentric acceleration of gravity at the Earth's surface. Above the Earth's surface, the acceleration of gravity is governed by Newton's inverse-square law of universal gravitation. But designing the propulsion that may work to overcome the escape velocity needs far greater ability. It was not until full practical workings of the design of propulsion and final successful launch that Scientists at Isro finally exhaled a sigh of relief after the satellite separated from the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket, 2700 seconds or about 45 minutes after launch and entered the earth's orbit. It is not an easy feat.
The escape velocity is the minimum speed an object without propulsion needs to be able to "escape" from the gravity Earth's rotational velocity is 465 m/s at the equator, a rocket launched tangentially from the Earth's equator to the east requires an initial velocity of about 10.735 km/s relative to Earth to escape whereas a rocket launched tangentially from the Earth's equator to the west requires an initial velocity of about 11.665 km/s relative to Earth. The surface velocity decreases with the cosine of the geographic latitude, therefore space launch facilities are often located as close to the equator as feasible, like Sriharikota, India, Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SHAR) is located on Sriharikota, a spindle-shaped island on the East Coast of Andhra Pradesh. It has great features like a good launch azimuth corridor for various missions, nearness to the equator (benefiting eastward launches), and largely uninhabited area for a safety zone make it an ideal spaceport like the American Cape Canaveral. The decision to land on the moon by JFK equally involved much consideration before making it public, as well as enormous human efforts and expenditures to make what became Project Apollo a reality by 1969. Only the construction of the Panama Canal in modern peacetime and the Manhattan Project in war were comparable in scope. '
On May 25, 1961, President John F. Kennedy announced before a special joint session of Congress the dramatic and ambitious goal of sending an American safely to the Moon before the end of the decade. A number of political factors affected Kennedy's decision and the timing of it. In general, Kennedy felt great pressure to have the United States "catch up to and overtake" the Soviet Union in the "space race." I think Mars programme is an organic growth of the ambitions of the huge Indian scientific community, it was not a forced target to beat another nation, hi science like another extraordinary field of excellence needed some manifestation. By the way, MAD based Space, defence programme and preoccupation with bull eye accuracy of missiles gave the world our GPRS. The Internet itself was a doomsday tool if all communication may fall apart. I think everyone feels LHC is a complete waste but Higgs gives mass to the matter, to understand dark matter we will need LHC and James Watts. Spin-offs pay off the costs ten times over, and human curiosity is a priceless treasure! Forget this poverty and the economy argument, National pride brings national wonders, go conquer frontiers child if you want to grow!
"Mohabbat Mojhe Un Nojawanon Se HaiSitaron Pe Dalte Hain Jo Kamand"
"I have love for those youngsters who pull the stars down"